Tehillim - Psalms

Tehillim: The Psalm of the Day (Shir Shel Yom)

Shalom everyone! In Jewish tradition, each day of the week is assigned a specific psalm that is recited at the end of daily morning prayer services known as “Shacharit.” These psalms are collectively referred to as the “psalm of the day” or “shir shel yom.” According to Jewish tradition, each “shir shel yom” was chosen for it’s relation to that day’s significance in the week of Creation. The following is a list of the psalms for the days of the week. Click on the link of each psalm to view both the Hebrew text and English translation of each psalm from Sefaria:


Psalms for the Days of the Week

Day of the Week Psalm of the Day
(Shir Shel Yom)
When Recited
Yom Rishon (First Day) Psalm 24 Sundays, at the end of morning prayer services.
Yom Sheni (Second Day) Psalm 48 Mondays, at the end of morning prayer services.
Yom Shlishi (Third Day) Psalm 82 Tuesdays, at the end of morning prayer services.
Yom Revi’i (Fourth Day) Psalm 94 Wednesdays, at the end of morning prayer services.
Yom Chamishi (Fifth Day) Psalm 81 Thursdays, at the end of morning prayer services.
Yom Shishi (Sixth Day) Psalm 93 Fridays, at the end of morning prayer services.
Yom Shabbat (Seventh/Sabbath Day) Psalm 92 Fridays during evening prayers which usher in the Sabbath Day (Kabbalat Shabbat); Saturdays during morning prayer services; and as the “psalm of the day” (shir shel yom) at the end of Saturday morning prayer services.

In a work of Jewish Talmudic literature called the “Baraita,” Rabbi Yehuda, in the name of Rabbi Akiva, gives the following rationale behind the selection of each shir shel yom for a specific day of the week. Our notation of the psalm for each day is in [bold text]:

  • [Psalm 24] On Sunday, LAdonai ha’aretz u’melo’ah (ליהוה הארץ ומלואה, “For God is the land and its fullness”) is recited, in reference to the first day of Creation, on which God acquired the universe, bequeathed it to mankind and ruled over His world by Himself.
  • [Psalm 48] On Monday, Gadol Adonai u’mehulal me’od (גדול יהוה ומהלל מאד, “Great is God and much praised”) is recited, in reference to the second day of Creation, on which He separated the things that he made (the heavens from the earth) and reigned over them.
  • [Psalm 82] On Tuesday, Elohim nitzav ba’adat El (אלוהים נצב בעדת אל, “God stands in the divine assembly”) is recited, in reference to the third day of Creation, on which He exposed the land with His wisdom, thus preparing the world for His assembly.
  • [Psalm 94] On Wednesday, El nikamot Adonai (אל נקמות יהוה, “Hashem is a God of vengeance”) is recited, in reference to the fourth day of Creation, on which He created the sun and the moon and how he will ultimately exact punishment from those who worship them.
  • [Psalm 81] On Thursday, Harninu leilohim uzeinu (הרנינו לאלוהים עוזנו, “Sing joyously to the God of our might”) is recited, in reference to the fifth day of Creation, on which He created the birds and the fish to give praise to his name.
  • [Psalm 93] On Friday, Adonai malach gei’ut laveish (יהוה מלך גאות לבש, “Hashem has reigned, he had donned grandeur”) is recited, in reference to the sixth day of Creation, on which He completed his work and reigned over his creations.
  • [Psalm 92] On the Sabbath, Mizmor shir leyom haShabbat (מזמור שיר ליום השבת, “A song, a hymn for the Sabbath day”) is recited, in reference to the seventh day of Creation, which is a day that is entirely Sabbath.

Source: Wikipedia – Shir Shel Yom

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